How Fiber Optic Communication Works

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The operation of fiber optic communication is easy to explain for your understanding. Light goes down through a fiber optic cable time after time jumping off walls. Each small photon (particle of light) bounces off the tube like a sledge sliding down an ice rink. Therefore, it can be thought that a ray of light, travelling in a transparent glass tube, could leak around the edges. But if the light hits the glass at an actually shallow angle (less than 42 degrees), it is reflected back, like the glass is actually a mirror. This phenomenon is called total internal reflection. It happens to be one of the things that keep the light inside the pipe.

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Fiberoptic inspection in the industry used to be performed at noticeable wavelengths, a package of fibers used to illuminate the area below the light and another package serving as a lengthened lens for communicating the image to a video camera or the human eye.

The rudimentary medium of fiber optics happens to be a thin fiber that used to be sometimes made of plastic, but the maximum of the time glass. A typical kind of glass optical fiber used to have a diameter of 125 microns (µm), or 0.125 mm (0.005 inches). This is actually the diameter of the coating or outer reflective layer. The core, or inner transmitter cylinder, can be as small as 10 µm in diameter. 

Different sorts of fiber optic cables

Every single cable contains incredibly fine glass or plastic strands called optical fibers. Each wireless broadband Unifi cable can consist of just two wires or several hundred. The threads, each 1/10th of the width of a human hair, used to be proficient in transmitting about 25,000 phone calls each. Thus, a cable complete with hundreds of wires has the capacity to carry millions of calls. You can learn all this to improve your digital literacy.